# smartctl --all /dev/sda
# hdparm -I /dev/sda
# fdisk -l
# parted -l
Eject USB hard drive does not spin HDD down,
hdparm can help to put drive in standby mode:
# hdparm -y /dev/sdb
To shut drive down completely (sleep mode):
# hdparm -Y /dev/sdb
Note: after entering the sleep mode, a hard or soft reset is required before the drive can be accessed again.
To power off the drive:
# udisksctl power-off -b /dev/sdb
# hdparm -B 254 /dev/sda
set to the lowest APM mode. "
-B 255" set the APM mode
off. For some drives, even the lowest APM mode unloads the heads
very aggressively, causing the clicking sounds. Another problem is
that the drive is rated only for 600,000 unload/load cycles, which
means that the drive will break in at most a couple of years.
# hdparm -M 254 /dev/sda
set to the lowest degree of power management.
To display a progress bar while
e2fsck is doing the file system check:
# e2fsck -C 0 /dev/sdb1
# touch /forcefsck
create a file called "forcefsck" and reboot system.
$ sudo hddtemp /dev/sda
psensor is a GTK+ application for monitoring hardware sensors (including temperatures of hard drives) and fan speeds.